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Awesome Linux Open source PinePhone Projects

Mouse in a Pipe

Have you ever wanted to control your notebook directly from your desktop? How about controlling your phone? Wouldn’t it be better to type that chat message using a real keyboard? I wanted the same thing, so I wrote an app for that!

More precisely I created a tool that enables you to redirect mouse and keyboard events from one device to another. It’s like you reconnected your mouse and keyboard, but without the physical effort! All of this happens on a very low level (through the kernel) so this works seamlessly with any application you want to control. All you need is a Linux OS on both of the devices.

Repository: https://github.com/Dejvino/mouse-piped

One more interesting point is that the input events are pushed through a pipe, which is a generic way of transferring data among processes in Unix-based operating systems. It is up to you how you decide to transfer the data. Though most likely it will happen via SSH. You can easily generate input events on your main computer and then pipe them through SSH to your secondary computer (or a phone) and control it that way. Or you might decide to create a TCP connection and pass the data through that. That’s up to you!

And you know what else is this useful for? That’s right, you can finally play OpenTTD on a PinePhone with the full comfort of a mouse and keyboard!

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Categories
Linux Open source PicoPosts PinePhone Projects

Arch Linux ARM Installer for PinePhone

I started building an automated Arch Linux ARM installation and customization set of scripts to be used for the PinePhone. The aim is to make the process easier while still being able to customize every aspect of the OS.

Repository URL: https://github.com/Dejvino/pinephone-arch-install

Arch Linux ARM running LXDE, Firefox and Onboard keyboard.

Arch Linux ARM was the best OS for PinePhone I’ve seen so far. It might be due to personal preference, but I just love how you have the full power of Arch on your mobile phone.

And if Arch is not your thing, at least you can learn what are the steps required for bringing a Linux OS into a PinePhone.

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Categories
Linux PinePhone

Errors During PinePhone Install

I learned a lot about hardware and operating systems since I received my PinePhone. A lot of times it was during error investigation. With a small chance that this information might get picked up by another PinePhone enthusiast, I’ll post the error messages and my solutions here.

RTL firmware not found

Bluetooth firmware on my Arch Linux ARM was missing, it is a non-free firmware so it is not included by default.

Feb 23 19:21:58 alarm kernel: bluetooth hci0: Direct firmware load for rtl_bt/rtl8723cs_xx_fw.bin failed with error -2
Feb 23 19:21:58 alarm kernel: Bluetooth: hci0: RTL: firmware file rtl_bt/rtl8723cs_xx_fw.bin not found

With this I just went over to my postmarketOS SD Card image and copied the corresponding files from /lib/firmware/rtl_bt/ over SSH

scp lib/firmware/rtl_bt/rtl8723cs_xx_fw.bin root@pinephone_ip_address:/lib/firmware/rtl_bt/
scp lib/firmware/rtl_bt/rtl8723cs_xx_config-pinebook.bin root@pinephone_ip_address:/lib/firmware/rtl_bt/rtl8723cs_xx_config-pinephone.bin # notice the rename

systemd-binfmt Failed

I was getting a lot of binfmt-related errors like the ones in bold below. And if there is one thing you don’t want to see it is a red FAILED log line during boot process.

[...]
Feb 23 19:36:10 alarm systemd[1]: Mounted Temporary Directory (/tmp).
Feb 23 19:36:10 alarm systemd[1]: Started Create list of static device nodes for the current kernel.
Feb 23 19:36:10 alarm systemd[1]: systemd-binfmt.service: Main process exited, code=exited, status=1/FAILURE
Feb 23 19:36:10 alarm systemd[1]: systemd-binfmt.service: Failed with result 'exit-code'.
Feb 23 19:36:10 alarm systemd[1]: Failed to start Set Up Additional Binary Formats.
Feb 23 19:36:10 alarm systemd[1]: Started Load Kernel Modules.
[...]
Feb 23 19:36:10 alarm systemd-binfmt[267]: Failed to add binary format: No such file or directory
[...]
Feb 23 19:36:13 alarm systemd[1]: Starting Load/Save RF Kill Switch Status…
Feb 23 19:36:13 alarm systemd-binfmt[385]: Failed to add binary format: No such file or directory
Feb 23 19:36:13 alarm systemd[1]: Condition check resulted in Create System Users being skipped.
Feb 23 19:36:13 alarm systemd[1]: systemd-binfmt.service: Main process exited, code=exited, status=1/FAILURE
Feb 23 19:36:13 alarm systemd[1]: systemd-binfmt.service: Failed with result 'exit-code'.
Feb 23 19:36:13 alarm systemd[1]: Failed to start Set Up Additional Binary Formats.
Feb 23 19:36:13 alarm systemd[1]: Started Load/Save RF Kill Switch Status.
[...]

So I went to investigate the service’s config files, seeing the “Failed to add binary format: No such file or directory” error. There are several directories that binfmt is looking for its config files. As it turns out all of them were empty apart from one. I found out that after installing mono it registered itself with binfmt. Not sure why, but I certainly don’t need it, so the solution is simple.

rm /usr/lib/binfmt.d/mono.conf 

Done!

Broken Battery In ACPI

Multiple components make use of the ACPI and all of them report a dead battery. E.g. battery applet or laptop-mode service:

Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1653]: Failed to re-set power saving mode for wireless card
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1700]: WARNING: Battery does not report a capacity. Minimum battery
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1701]: charge checking does not work without a design capacity.
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1702]: WARNING: Battery does not report a design capacity. Auto hibernation
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1703]: does not work without a design capacity.
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1704]: You seem to have a broken battery
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1705]: Cannot determine design_capacity_warning
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1706]: Disabling hibernation
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1707]: Failed to determine battery charge. Battery charge units are not in
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1708]: mWh, uWh, mAh or uAh.
Feb 23 19:22:05 alarm laptop-mode[1711]: enabled, active

This is not the case since the battery is actually fine, it just doesn’t work with ACPI:

# cat /sys/class/power_supply/axp20x-battery/uevent 
POWER_SUPPLY_NAME=axp20x-battery
POWER_SUPPLY_PRESENT=1
POWER_SUPPLY_ONLINE=1
POWER_SUPPLY_STATUS=Discharging
POWER_SUPPLY_VOLTAGE_NOW=4112000
POWER_SUPPLY_CURRENT_NOW=429000
POWER_SUPPLY_CONSTANT_CHARGE_CURRENT=1200000
POWER_SUPPLY_CONSTANT_CHARGE_CURRENT_MAX=1200000
POWER_SUPPLY_HEALTH=Good
POWER_SUPPLY_VOLTAGE_MAX_DESIGN=4200000
POWER_SUPPLY_VOLTAGE_MIN_DESIGN=2900000
POWER_SUPPLY_CAPACITY=95

Seems the kernel I’m using doesn’t have it enabled, as you can see here:

#  ls -l /usr/lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/drivers/acpi
ls: cannot access '/usr/lib/modules/5.6.0-rc1-00239-geb93b104bbccb/kernel/drivers/acpi': No such file or directory

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Categories
Linux Open source PinePhone

PinePhone Status Review 2020-02-22

I’ve spent a bit of time with my new Linux toy, PINE64 PinePhone. This is a smartphone built on top of components that are supported well by the mainline Linux kernel. So in theory it should be a piece of cake to get installed. Is it?

Various Gotchas

Let’s start with a few gotchas that somewhat surprised me.

WiFi needs a battery

The WiFi / GSM modem needs a battery to be connected in order to operate. Otherwise it won’t even appear as an available device. You could spend a lot of time trying to connect to the WiFi like this. In vain.

Power Hungry

The phone is really hungry for power and often it is not enough to connect it to a PC. The battery will discharge even when connected via a USB cable, unless the power source is strong enough. Running on 0.5A (2.5W) is not enough. It generally takes around 1.4A (7W) when running a full featured OS and it will drop to 0% eventually.

Keyboard!

You never appreciate it enough until you lose it. Having a shell in your phone is great. Though you can’t really use it, since there is no keyboard available. This one is somewhat obvious, but it is a big hurdle when trying out various systems. You can install some virtual keyboard, but it won’t have all the keys you need and it doesn’t work in every environment. Not reliably at least. Your best bet is to get an SSH connection going as a workaround. Hardware keyboards are not supported / don’t exist right now.

Operating Systems

I’ve tried out multiple systems and environments, here are a few thoughts about them.

postmarketOS

I’d say this is the best OS out there right now. At least in terms of having a solid PinePhone support, configurability and a reasonable Linux distribution underneath. It has a dedicated PinePhone wiki page. You have a choice of multiple UI environments (including phosh, mate and xfce4). It is based on Alpine Linux with all of its ARM packages at your disposal.

Though it was very exciting to have a full blown Linux desktop like Xfce on the phone’s screen, the touch controls were something to be desired. A much better experience can be achieved with Librem’s Phosh. This on the other hand has a scaling turned on (lowered DPI), which messes up a lot of applications so that they become unusable. But it is still closest to a usable working environment.

What I appreciated the most was pmbootstrap which is a CLI tool that lets you configure your custom OS image down to what UI and packages you want to include by default. Thanks to this you have a tailored SD Card ready to be used with your PinePhone.

Arch Linux ARM

My favorite Linux distribution is available for PinePhone as well! Although not customized for it, it is possible to use this and customize it on your own. There is a general guide on installing Arch for PINE64 board, which the PinePhone is based on. There is also a customized kernel that you can use over at xnux.eu with a nice tutorial on how to install it.

I’ve just started with this one, so not much to report apart from that it is working. I have a terminal login prompt on the screen and a SSH connection over a USB cable from my PC. Life is good.

Fedora Mobile

You can install all sorts of things on the PinePhone. I’ve tested this set of shell scripts that help you prepare a Fedora Mobile on an SD Card. A system that was not optimized for this device. The result itself was unusable (at least the release that I tested). Nevertheless I enjoyed learning about the process of preparing a bootable SD Card. Even though it is basically the same for every OS, this set of bash scripts was really easy to study and use it as a tutorial.

Ubuntu Touch

Ubuntu Touch somewhat effortlessly worked to the extend you’d expect with a partially supported device. I liked that they provide an SD Card image for the PinePhone, so all you have to do is to flash it (e.g. using dd) and pop it into the phone.

I personally don’t enjoy Ubuntu for some reason so I won’t experiment with it or comment on this much more.

PS:

Did I mention you can run OpenTTD on it? Oh yeah…

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